orasure hiv test types

The Orasure HIV test can be conducted in two ways. First, with the Oraquick  rapid HIV test kit. You can buy this kit and conduct a test at home. These kits are available online and are suitable for an  Insti HIV test  in less than half an hour.

Second, the  “oral mucosal transudate testing.” You have to use sample of oral mucus obtained with a cotton pad, specially treated, that is placed between the cheek and lower gum, preferably for two minutes. Then this sample is sent to a lab to undergo an ELISA procedure. If tested positive for ELISA, these samples undergo a Western Blot test which is a confirmatory test. The same pad is used for the WB test too.

The Orasure HIV test is the fastest and the easiest. An accurate STD test in 20 minutes! It can’t be faster than that. No driving to a test lab and no registration hassles. No stress of being exposed and no need to answer embarrassing questions. With a Oraquick HIV test kit at hand, testing is just a snap. Looking for an Insti HIV test? Look no further.

Pros:

The OraQuick ADVANCE® Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody test kit  is designed to detect  antibodies  to HIV-1 and HIV-2. On an average, it takes not more than 20 minutes to deliver a result that can be as reliable as it can get. It provides more than 99% accuracy which betters the standard test accuracy in HIV testing.

Flexibility in testing is the main advantage of an Orasure HIV test. This makes it ideal for test in non-traditional testing environments. Guess what the mobile testing clinics use? So, there is no better solution for outreach programs offered by NGOs, institutions, and other non-profit organizations.

Why are these kits patient preferred? Well, what do patients hate most? Needles. These kits offer patients a pain less accurate HIV result without the need for blood or needles.

What makes it ideal for both clinical and home testing environment is it’s designed to use a wide range of specimens for both HIV-1 and HIV-2. It’s approved for oral fluids or any other mucosal swabs which makes it ideal for non-clinical settings. For clinical use it’s ideal too, because it can use finger-sticks or venipuncture whole blood specimens as well as blood plasma. Most of the test labs who send a kit home for HIV testing, send a Oraquick HIV test kit.

This kits are FDA approved, so they are safe to use. You can rest assured that you are not going to get scammed by a junk kit.

Cons:

The disadvantages are very negligible looking at the positives.

A test within the window period tests non-reactive or negative. You must know the date of infection to ascertain the window period.

These kits are not widely available and it takes time, sometimes pre-ordering, to get one delivered at home.

A positive result with an Orasure test kits does not mean that you are definitely infected with HIV. So also, a negative result doesn’t mean that you are definitely not infected. There are reasons for these. These kits look for antibodies of HIV-1 and HIV-2. When the exposure is recent, particularly when it may have been within the last 3 months, in all certainty there are not enough antibodies developed. In such conditions you test negative.

Precautions:

A negative test result doesn’t guarantee a future immunity. If you regularly engage in activities that put you at risk for HIV, you must test regularly.

Don’t use this kit to arrive at a decision, such as using a condom is safe or so and so method is safe because you got a negative test result. These are wrong analogies and this may put you at increased risk for HIV.

Note: The saliva pack contains antibodies to HIV only, not HIV itself. HIV can’t be transmitted through these fluids.

People who don’t want to worry over doctors or needles often prefer a over the counter HIV test kit.

Is there an over the counter AIDS test?

Yes. You buy  a test kit from market  and conduct the HIV test at home. Some people call it Oraquick HIV testing.

over-the-counter-HIV-test-kit-from-Oraquick

This kit has gained credibility after a recent approval by the Food and Drug Administration as accurate and trustworthy. If you don’t like to wait for a week or two to know the answer then you should opt for this HIV kit.

People who merely suspect that they may have HIV use this kit. It’s better to get tested and have peace than keep worrying.

I know that people who develop sore or painful throat conditions, swelling lymphatic nodes, burning and smarting during urination grow suspicious. If this immediately follows a sexual contact, then they have all the reasons to think so. This is the time to use a kit.

Over the counter HIV test cost

It’s a bit pricey at present with $39.90 price tag at amazon.com, but it’s worth the price in many respects. The packaging is discreet and the instructions are easy. In a nutshell it includes everything you will ever need to conduct the test. At the time of disposal use the black pouch to seal off the waste.

You don’t need a blood sample for you HIV testing with this kit. All you need is an oral swab. Easy?  You can swipe your gums with the test swab which comes with the kit. Then insert it into the test tube with the test agent and wait for 20 minutes. The clock may seem to tick slowly, but you have no other go but wait. 🙂

This is not a fault with the product. The technology of testing we have as on date needs one to wait for these 20 minutes. You can try to finish up pending jobs in the mean time is stead of looking at the test tube. The consolation is one can get a very accurate result without visiting anywhere, say labs or clinics. A stress free HIV test from your own home without any drive or phone calls!

Over the counter HIV test accuracy

Oraquick HIV testing is very accurate. You can expect 99.99%. Even lab tests can be 100% accurate, so these kits can compete with them for accuracy. These kits use the same testing methods doctors use regularly and for years. If you use an Oraquick kit you’re safe.

Over the counter HIV test kits are legal and dependable and you can buy them from anywhere without a prescription. If you buy your stuff from Amazon store online, then perhaps that’s the best place to buy. Here is a link to the page:-

 

Buy Over the counter HIV test kit

 

 

When the Human Immunodeficiency Virus enters a fresh victim it immediately starts the process of incubation. This process takes 2 days to 2 weeks; in some cases as long as 3 months. This actually is a fast replication process for the virus.

Concept of HIV Testing

The virus uses the host cells as resources to multiply as fast as possible. The replication process is faster in healthier and younger people because they have a faster metabolism. When the viruses increase in number, they are detected by the immune system of  the body.

The host body then starts the process to fight out the virus. The immune system develops antibodies to counter the antigens produced by the virus. In case of HIV the antigen is a protein called p24. This is the time when the first symptoms of HIV become apparent.

During this time the host body plasma, serum, saliva, discharges from different orifices or urine contains the antigen, antibodies,  and the RNA of the virus. If any of the three is found we can be sure that the individual is infected with HIV.

All HIV testing methods are aimed at detecting any one of the following three agents.

  • HIV antigens
  • HIV antibodies
  • HIV RNA

To detect the agents in the test sample, it’s very important that they are present in sufficient quantity.

 

Types of HIV testing

  • HIV Antibody Test (ELISA)
  • HIV Antigen Test (p24 test)
  • PCR Test (Polymerase Chain Reaction Test)
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing (NAAT)

 

HIV Test Window Period

The window period for each of these tests are different. The window period is the minimum time gap between infection time and testing time when a test can detect the presence of  HIV accurately. While conducting a test, the window period has to be taken into consideration to avoid false negatives. If we don’t allow sufficient time to elapse after the infection, then no test can detect the presence of the RNA, antigens or the antibodies even if HIV is present in the system.

Window time for the NAAT is 12 days. Within these 12 days HIV can sufficiently multiply in number so as to show its presence in the test. As the test uses the detection of the Nucleic Acid from the virus RNA, HIV must be present in sufficient numbers to show up in the test result. This is the fastest means of finding out an infection by HIV.

The window period for a PCR test is same as the NAAT as it uses the genetic material detection of HIV. Babies born to HIV positive mothers retain their mother’s antibodies for several months after birth. An antibody test always test HIV positive, hence inaccurate.  So, they are usually tested using a PCR test.

Window time for Antigen Test (p24 test) is approximately 16 days. By this time HIV produces sufficient antigens (p24 proteins) to show up conclusively in a test.

Window period for an Antibody Test (ELISA) is 25 days. By this time the host body can produce the HIV antibodies in sufficient quantity to reflect in an antibody test.

WARNING: The window period doesn’t indicate the capacity to infect others. Anybody with HIV present inside the body is quite capable of infecting others in case of intimate contact or needle sharing.

An early detection is the only hope to prevent a HIV infection from turning into AIDS.  As per HIV statistics, 1 individual in every 5 infected with HIV is unaware of the infection. These 20% not only pose a risk of infecting others but also they are in a great risk as far as their own well being is concerned.

To find out about different types of HIV/STD testing packages click here.

Approximately 10 to 60% of people who are infected with HIV don’t show any symptoms. Absence of these symptoms doesn’t rule out a HIV infection. So don’t assume that you’re HIV negative just because you don’t have any of the following symptoms.

HIV symptoms don’t confirm an infection by the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus. The main reason for this is that most of the primary HIV symptoms are very similar to common complaints of flu or any other common microbe attack. If symptoms similar to that of an HIV infection develop just after a unprotected sexual encounter, most probably you have contacted HIV, but there’s no positive assurance that it’s so.

The only way you can help yourself by ensuring your safety against STDs or HIV is to go for STD testing as quickly as possible. That’s your best “STD Guard.”

Then why read this page of HIV symptoms?

Well, HIV infections just don’t happen. If you were critically exposed to conditions where you might have contacted the virus just before you develop these symptoms, then you know what exactly is causing them. Rush to a test lab.

Early symptoms of HIV

The incubation period is a few days to a couple of weeks. It’s the time period between the time of infection and the time of manifestation of first symptoms of HIV. In some cases it takes about 3 months, but such cases are very rare.

Two to four weeks from the date of infection, most of the cases which develop Symptoms of HIV have flu like acute illness. Forty to ninety percent of cases develop very similar conditions in their early HIV symptoms.

It’s a very marked state because this state is perhaps the worst flu ever in the life of the individual. This condition may have the following associate symptoms. These symptoms may appear independently or in combination.

early symptoms of HIV
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Swollen Lymph nodes with soreness
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Prolonged diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sore throat
  • Sores in mouth
  • Sores in genital
  • Fatigue
  • Malaise
  • Anxiety
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Night sweats
  • Abnormal weight loss

These symptoms may last a week or two but seldom more than 2 weeks.

What is the significance of the primary HIV symptoms?

People who get infected with HIV are most infectious during the period of incubation and primary manifestation. During this period the viral presence is intense in the blood plasma, semen and vaginal fluid/secretion. So they are most likely to infect the sexual partners or with those who share needles with them.

This is a critical stage where the infected person propagates the virus innocently to those whom he loves.

To do your part in preventing the spread of HIV you must do the following.

If you’re experiencing symptoms which you believe to be the early HIV symptoms, then check the history of your sexual partners. If you shared needles with somebody, it’s time to see a doctor. If you used injection drugs recently, may be it came from there. If you had protected/unprotected sex in the recent past, even once, even oral, even if with somebody who is HIV negative, it’s time to see a doctor.

When with the doctor never hesitate to disclose the risk factors you are exposed to. Let the doctor decide that for you.

Save your life

The only way to save yourself from the onslaught of AIDS is to seek prompt medical help when you experience early HIV symptoms. This is your only chance to prevent HIV from progressing to AIDS.

Save the life of your loved ones

You can prevent the spread of HIV to any other sexual partner(s) if you take action when the first symptoms of HIV show up. If tested positive, immediately notify your spouse or sexual partners. This is the only way to take steps to reduce the risk of spreading HIV to your loved ones.

Save others

It’s our collective responsibility to prevent/stop the spread of HIV. If you’re sexually very active or share needles, you should not wait for the primary symptoms to appear. Get tested immediately and there-after regularly to prevent the spread of HIV without your knowledge.

 

 

What is HIV?

HIV is an acronym which stands for “Human Immunodeficiency Virus.”

The seat of attack of this virus is the human immune system. The white blood corpuscles which are the main agents of protection for humans against diseases are the first target. The weakening of the immune system is abrupt, it’s gradual. It takes much time before the complete immune system breaks down.

There is a general misconception about HIV and AIDS. In most of the cases people use these terms interchangeably, but they are different from each other. HIV leads to AIDS.

AIDS is an acronym which stands for “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.” If an HIV infection is left untreated for long, most likely it lead to a state of lack of immunity against infectious diseases. The result is gradual weakening of general health, suffering and death. The emerging trend is that it’s believed now that HIV may be a very strong reason of CANCER.

The main cause for HIV leading to AIDS is lack of proper ascertaining system. Sometimes the victim is not aware of an infection till the serious symptoms set in. In other cases, it’s the false negatives in the test results. So, it’s of utmost importance that the HIV testing is done properly, with reliable agencies.

I don’t mean to say that free STD testing is bad, but they don’t come at par with “Private STD testing.”  Everybody’s business is nobody’s business.

So, when it comes to matters of serious health concerns, it’s your turn to be decisive. Don’t take risks with your health and life.  Money is less important than health, suffering, and life. Test for STDs immediately and do all the testing at once when you go for the first time STD testing.

Facts about HIV Virus

A small and non-technical description of HIV virus.

HIV Virus diagram

It comes from the family of “Retroviridae” and  genus of “Lentivirus.” The significance of lentiviruses is that they are responsible for most of the chronic diseases. The incubation period for these viruses is very long and they cause very long duration diseases.

It’s spherical in shape measuring 120 nm in dia. The HIV virus is quite smaller than a normal “Red blood corpuscles” but larger than other viruses.

It comes with a single-stranded enveloped RNA in the genome of the virus particle. After entering into the host cell, it changes to a double stranded DNA. The process makes it easy for the virus to flawlessly integrate into the host nucleus.

HIV 1 Virus:

After integration with the host cell the HIV 1 does not go into incubation. It goes into a process of replication.

The method it uses is called “Transcription” in terms of genetics. This is a method of gene expression or gene change where a part of  of DNA is copied into RNA by an enzyme of RNA. So, in case of HIV 1, new RNA genomes, viral proteins from the cell are now become virus particles. The replication cycle starts this way.

HIV 1 is considered the most infectious and is the major killer.

HIV 2 Virus:

It is less infectious and lacks much of the killer punch of HIV 1. The reason for this is it goes into a long incubation period in the host nuclei after changing over to the double stranded DNA and integrating with the host cell. Our immune system is not capable of detecting the presence of the HIV Virus after that. It is very poor in transmission so slow to spread.

Causes of HIV transmission

  • Unprotected sex with an infected person, vaginal, anal, oral or whatever
  • Sharing needles, syringes, other surgical instruments with an infected person
  • Tattooing, body piercing with unsafe, unsterilized puncture instruments
  • Blood transfusion with infected blood
  • Infected organ or bone marrow transplant
  • Infected mother to child during conception and delivery

HIV cannot possibly be transmitted through:

  • By casual Hugging, handshakes and Kissing
  • Sneezing and Coughing as the virus does not travel by air
  • From Spit or tear of an infected person
  • Sharing crockery, Cutlery, and Bed Linen
  • By sharing Toilets or Showers
  • Mosquitos’ bites

HIV statistics

  1. These statistics are ever changing and in a worsening trend. In US, the worst affected are the gay, bisexual, and other men who have  sex with men (MSM) by cdc. gov.
  2. In 2008, there were 26,700 new cases of HIV infection among MSM, but in 2012 it has increased to 29,800. It’s a significant increase, about 12%.
  3. In US, MSM represent about 4% of the total population, but they account for a staggering 78% of new HIV infections among men.
  4. 1 in every 5 infected with HIV is not aware of the infection.
  5. Every 9.5 minutes someone is getting infected with HIV.
  6. Among all ethnic groups, African Americans are the worst hit of all HIV cases in the U.S.
  7. As per Aids.gov heterosexual and injection drug users accounted for estimated 27% of new HIV infections in 2009.