orasure hiv test types

The Orasure HIV test can be conducted in two ways. First, with the Oraquick  rapid HIV test kit. You can buy this kit and conduct a test at home. These kits are available online and are suitable for an  Insti HIV test  in less than half an hour.

Second, the  “oral mucosal transudate testing.” You have to use a sample of oral mucus obtained with a cotton pad, specially treated, that is placed between the cheek and lower gum, preferably for two minutes. Then this sample is sent to a lab to undergo an ELISA procedure. If tested positive for ELISA, these samples undergo a Western Blot test which is a confirmatory test. The same pad is used for the WB test too.

The Orasure HIV test is the fastest and the easiest. An accurate STD test in 20 minutes! It can’t be faster than that. No driving to a test lab and no registration hassles. No stress of being exposed and no need to answer embarrassing questions. With an Oraquick HIV test kit at hand, testing is just a snap. Looking for an Insti HIV test? Look no further.

Pros:

The OraQuick ADVANCE® Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody test kit is designed to detect antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2. On an average, it takes not more than 20 minutes to deliver a result that can be as reliable as it can get. It provides more than 99% accuracy which betters the standard test accuracy in HIV testing.

Flexibility in testing is the main advantage of an Orasure HIV test. This makes it ideal for testing in non-traditional testing environments. Guess what the mobile testing clinics use? So, there is no better solution for outreach programs offered by NGOs, institutions, and other non-profit organizations.

Why are these kits patient preferred? Well, what do patients hate most? Needles. These kits offer patients a painless accurate HIV result without the need for blood or needles.

What makes it ideal for both clinical and home testing environment is it’s designed to use a wide range of specimens for both HIV-1 and HIV-2. It’s approved for oral fluids or any other mucosal swabs which makes it ideal for non-clinical settings. For clinical use, it’s ideal too, because it can use finger-sticks or venipuncture whole blood specimens as well as blood plasma. Most of the test labs who send a kit home for HIV testing, send an Oraquick HIV test kit.

These kits are FDA approved, so they are safe to use. You can rest assured that you are not going to get scammed by a junk kit.

Cons:

The disadvantages are very negligible looking at the positives.

A test within the window period tests non-reactive or negative. You must know the date of infection to ascertain the window period.

These kits are not widely available and it takes time, sometimes pre-ordering, to get one delivered at home.

A positive result with an Orasure test kits does not mean that you are definitely infected with HIV. So also, a negative result doesn’t mean that you are definitely not infected. There are reasons for these. These kits look for antibodies of HIV-1 and HIV-2. When the exposure is recent, particularly when it may have been within the last 3 months, in all certainty, there are not enough antibodies developed. In such conditions you test negative.

Precautions:

A negative test result doesn’t guarantee a future immunity. If you regularly engage in activities that put you at risk for HIV, you must test regularly.

Don’t use this kit to arrive at a decision, such as using a condom is safe or so and so method is safe because you got a negative test result. These are wrong analogies and this may put you at increased risk for HIV.

Note: The saliva pack contains antibodies to HIV only, not HIV itself. HIV can’t be transmitted through these fluids.

People who don’t want to worry about doctors or needles often prefer an “over the counter HIV test kit.”

Is there an over the counter HIV test?

Yes. You buy a test kit from the market  and conduct the HIV test at home. Some people call it Oraquick HIV testing.

over-the-counter-HIV-test-kit-from-Oraquick

This kit has gained credibility after a recent approval by the Food and Drug Administration as accurate and trustworthy. If you don’t like to wait for a week or two to know the answer then you should opt for this HIV kit.

People who merely suspect that they may have HIV use this kit. It’s better to get tested and have peace than keep worrying.

I know that people who develop sore or painful throat conditions, swelling lymphatic nodes, burning and smarting during urination grow suspicious. If this immediately follows a sexual contact, then they have all the reasons to think so. This is the time to use a kit.

Over the counter HIV test cost

It’s a bit pricey at present with $39.90 price tag at amazon.com, but it’s worth the price in many respects. The packaging is discreet and the instructions are easy. In a nutshell, it includes everything you will ever need to conduct the test. At the time of disposal use the black pouch to seal off the waste.

You don’t need a blood sample for you HIV testing with this kit. All you need is an oral swab. Easy?  You can swipe your gums with the test swab which comes with the kit. Then insert it into the test tube with the test agent and wait for 20 minutes. The clock may seem to tick slowly, but you have no other go but wait. 🙂

This is not a fault with the product. The technology of testing we have as on date needs one to wait for these 20 minutes. You can try to finish up pending jobs in the meantime is stead of looking at the test tube. The consolation is one can get a very accurate result without visiting anywhere, say labs or clinics. A stress-free HIV test from your own home without any drive or phone calls!

Over the counter HIV test accuracy

Oraquick HIV testing is very accurate. You can expect 99.99%. Even lab tests can be 100% accurate, so these kits can compete with them for accuracy. These kits use the same testing methods doctors use regularly and for years. If you use an Oraquick kit you’re safe.

“Over the counter HIV test kits” are legal and dependable and you can buy them from anywhere without a prescription. If you buy your stuff from Amazon store online, then perhaps that’s the best place to buy. Here is a link to the page:-

 

Buy Over the counter HIV test kit

 

When the Human Immunodeficiency Virus enters a fresh victim, it immediately starts the process of incubation. This process takes 2 days to 2 weeks; in some cases as long as 3 months. This actually is a fast replication process for the virus.

Concept of HIV Testing

The virus uses the host cells as resources to multiply as fast as possible. The replication process is faster in healthier and younger people because they have a faster metabolism. When the viruses increase in number, they are detected by the immune system of the body.

The host body then starts the process to fight out the virus. The immune system develops antibodies to counter the antigens produced by the virus. In case of HIV, the antigen is a protein called p24. This is the time when the first symptoms of HIV become apparent.

During this time the host body plasma, serum, saliva, discharges from different orifices or urine contains the antigen, antibodies,  and the RNA of the virus. If any of the three is found we can be sure that the individual is infected with HIV.

All HIV testing methods are aimed at detecting any one of the following three agents.

  • HIV antigens
  • HIV antibodies
  • HIV RNA

To detect the agents in the test sample, it’s very important that they are present in sufficient quantity.

 

Types of HIV testing

  • HIV Antibody Test (ELISA)
  • HIV Antigen Test (p24 test)
  • PCR Test (Polymerase Chain Reaction Test)
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing (NAAT)

 

HIV Test Window Period

The window period for each of these tests is different. The window period is the minimum time gap between infection time and testing time when a test can detect the presence of  HIV accurately. While conducting a test, the window period has to be taken into consideration to avoid false negatives. If we don’t allow sufficient time to elapse after the infection, then no test can detect the presence of the RNA, antigens or the antibodies even if HIV is present in the system.

Window time for the NAAT is 12 days. Within these 12 days, HIV can sufficiently multiply in number so as to show its presence in the test. As the test uses the detection of the Nucleic Acid from the virus RNA, HIV must be present in sufficient numbers to show up in the test result. This is the fastest means of finding out an infection by HIV.

The window period for a PCR test is same as the NAAT as it uses the genetic material detection of HIV. Babies born to HIV positive mothers retain their mother’s antibodies for several months after birth. An antibody test always tests HIV positive, hence inaccurate.  So, they are usually tested using a PCR test.

Window time for Antigen Test (p24 test) is approximately 16 days. By this time HIV produces sufficient antigens (p24 proteins) to show up conclusively in a test.

The “Window period” for an Antibody Test (ELISA) is 25 days. By this time the host body can produce the HIV antibodies in sufficient quantity to reflect in an antibody test.

WARNING: The window period doesn’t indicate the capacity to infect others. Anybody with HIV present inside the body is quite capable of infecting others in case of intimate contact or needle sharing.

An early detection is the only hope to prevent an HIV infection from turning into AIDS.  As per HIV statistics, 1 individual in every 5 infected with HIV is unaware of the infection. These 20% not only pose a risk of infecting others but also they are at a great risk as far as their own well being is concerned.

To find out about different types of HIV/STD testing packages click here.