People who don’t want to worry about doctors or needles often prefer an “over the counter HIV test kit.”

Is there an over the counter HIV test?

Yes. You buy a test kit from the market  and conduct the HIV test at home. Some people call it Oraquick HIV testing.

over-the-counter-HIV-test-kit-from-Oraquick

This kit has gained credibility after a recent approval by the Food and Drug Administration as accurate and trustworthy. If you don’t like to wait for a week or two to know the answer then you should opt for this HIV kit.

People who merely suspect that they may have HIV use this kit. It’s better to get tested and have peace than keep worrying.

I know that people who develop sore or painful throat conditions, swelling lymphatic nodes, burning and smarting during urination grow suspicious. If this immediately follows a sexual contact, then they have all the reasons to think so. This is the time to use a kit.

Over the counter HIV test cost

It’s a bit pricey at present with $39.90 price tag at amazon.com, but it’s worth the price in many respects. The packaging is discreet and the instructions are easy. In a nutshell, it includes everything you will ever need to conduct the test. At the time of disposal use the black pouch to seal off the waste.

You don’t need a blood sample for you HIV testing with this kit. All you need is an oral swab. Easy?  You can swipe your gums with the test swab which comes with the kit. Then insert it into the test tube with the test agent and wait for 20 minutes. The clock may seem to tick slowly, but you have no other go but wait. 🙂

This is not a fault with the product. The technology of testing we have as on date needs one to wait for these 20 minutes. You can try to finish up pending jobs in the meantime is stead of looking at the test tube. The consolation is one can get a very accurate result without visiting anywhere, say labs or clinics. A stress-free HIV test from your own home without any drive or phone calls!

Over the counter HIV test accuracy

Oraquick HIV testing is very accurate. You can expect 99.99%. Even lab tests can be 100% accurate, so these kits can compete with them for accuracy. These kits use the same testing methods doctors use regularly and for years. If you use an Oraquick kit you’re safe.

“Over the counter HIV test kits” are legal and dependable and you can buy them from anywhere without a prescription. If you buy your stuff from Amazon store online, then perhaps that’s the best place to buy. Here is a link to the page:-

 

Buy Over the counter HIV test kit

 

When the Human Immunodeficiency Virus enters a fresh victim, it immediately starts the process of incubation. This process takes 2 days to 2 weeks; in some cases as long as 3 months. This actually is a fast replication process for the virus.

Concept of HIV Testing

The virus uses the host cells as resources to multiply as fast as possible. The replication process is faster in healthier and younger people because they have a faster metabolism. When the viruses increase in number, they are detected by the immune system of the body.

The host body then starts the process to fight out the virus. The immune system develops antibodies to counter the antigens produced by the virus. In case of HIV, the antigen is a protein called p24. This is the time when the first symptoms of HIV become apparent.

During this time the host body plasma, serum, saliva, discharges from different orifices or urine contains the antigen, antibodies,  and the RNA of the virus. If any of the three is found we can be sure that the individual is infected with HIV.

All HIV testing methods are aimed at detecting any one of the following three agents.

  • HIV antigens
  • HIV antibodies
  • HIV RNA

To detect the agents in the test sample, it’s very important that they are present in sufficient quantity.

 

Types of HIV testing

  • HIV Antibody Test (ELISA)
  • HIV Antigen Test (p24 test)
  • PCR Test (Polymerase Chain Reaction Test)
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing (NAAT)

 

HIV Test Window Period

The window period for each of these tests is different. The window period is the minimum time gap between infection time and testing time when a test can detect the presence of  HIV accurately. While conducting a test, the window period has to be taken into consideration to avoid false negatives. If we don’t allow sufficient time to elapse after the infection, then no test can detect the presence of the RNA, antigens or the antibodies even if HIV is present in the system.

Window time for the NAAT is 12 days. Within these 12 days, HIV can sufficiently multiply in number so as to show its presence in the test. As the test uses the detection of the Nucleic Acid from the virus RNA, HIV must be present in sufficient numbers to show up in the test result. This is the fastest means of finding out an infection by HIV.

The window period for a PCR test is same as the NAAT as it uses the genetic material detection of HIV. Babies born to HIV positive mothers retain their mother’s antibodies for several months after birth. An antibody test always tests HIV positive, hence inaccurate.  So, they are usually tested using a PCR test.

Window time for Antigen Test (p24 test) is approximately 16 days. By this time HIV produces sufficient antigens (p24 proteins) to show up conclusively in a test.

The “Window period” for an Antibody Test (ELISA) is 25 days. By this time the host body can produce the HIV antibodies in sufficient quantity to reflect in an antibody test.

WARNING: The window period doesn’t indicate the capacity to infect others. Anybody with HIV present inside the body is quite capable of infecting others in case of intimate contact or needle sharing.

An early detection is the only hope to prevent an HIV infection from turning into AIDS.  As per HIV statistics, 1 individual in every 5 infected with HIV is unaware of the infection. These 20% not only pose a risk of infecting others but also they are at a great risk as far as their own well being is concerned.

To find out about different types of HIV/STD testing packages click here.

Approximately 10 to 60% of people who are infected with HIV don’t show any symptoms. The absence of these symptoms doesn’t rule out an HIV infection. So don’t assume that you’re HIV negative just because you don’t have any of the following symptoms.

HIV symptoms don’t confirm an infection by the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus. The main reason for this is that most of the primary HIV symptoms are very similar to common complaints of flu or any other common microbe attack. If symptoms similar to that of an HIV infection develop just after an unprotected sexual encounter, most probably you have contracted HIV, but there’s no positive assurance that it’s so.

The only way you can help yourself by ensuring your safety against STDs or HIV is to go for STD testing as quickly as possible. That’s your best “STD Guard.”

Then why read this page of HIV symptoms?

Well, HIV infections just don’t happen. If you were critically exposed to conditions where you might have contacted the virus just before you develop these symptoms, then you know what exactly is causing them. Rush to a test lab.

Early symptoms of HIV

The incubation period is a few days to a couple of weeks. It’s the time period between the time of infection and the time of manifestation of first symptoms of HIV. In some cases, it takes about 3 months, but such cases are very rare.

Two to four weeks from the date of infection, some HIV cases develop a flu-like acute illness. Forty to ninety percent of cases develop “early HIV symptoms.”

It’s a very marked state because this state is perhaps the worst flu ever in the life of the individual. This condition may have the following associated symptoms. These symptoms may appear independently or in combination.

early symptoms of HIV
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Swollen Lymph nodes with soreness
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Prolonged diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sore throat
  • Sores in mouth
  • Sores in genital
  • Fatigue
  • Malaise
  • Anxiety
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Night Sweats
  • Abnormal weight loss

These symptoms may last a week or two but seldom more than 2 weeks.

What is the significance of the primary HIV symptoms?

People who get infected with HIV are most infectious during the period of incubation and primary manifestation. During this period the viral presence is intense in the blood plasma, semen, and vaginal fluid/secretion. So they are most likely to infect the sexual partners or with those who share needles with them.

This is a critical stage where the infected person propagates the virus innocently to those whom he loves.

To do your part in preventing the spread of HIV you must do the following.

If you’re experiencing symptoms which you believe to be the early HIV symptoms, then check the history of your sexual partners. If you shared needles with somebody, it’s time to see a doctor. If you used injection drugs recently, maybe it came from there. If you had protected/unprotected sex in the recent past, even once, even oral, even if with somebody who is HIV negative, it’s time to see a doctor.

When with the doctor never hesitate to disclose the risk factors you are exposed to. Let the doctor decide that for you.

Save your life

The only way to save yourself from the onslaught of AIDS is to seek prompt medical help when you experience early HIV symptoms. This is your only chance to prevent HIV from progressing to AIDS.

Save the life of your loved ones

You can prevent the spread of HIV to any other sexual partner(s) if you take action when the first symptoms of HIV show up. If tested positive, immediately notify your spouse or sexual partners. This is the only way to take steps to reduce the risk of spreading HIV to your loved ones.

Save others

It’s our collective responsibility to prevent/stop the spread of HIV. If you’re sexually very active or share needles, you should not wait for the primary symptoms to appear. Get tested immediately and there-after regularly to prevent the spread of HIV without your knowledge.

 

What is HIV?

HIV is an acronym which stands for “Human Immunodeficiency Virus.”

The seat of attack of this virus is the human immune system. The white blood corpuscles which are the main agents of protection for humans against diseases are the first target. The weakening of the immune system is abrupt, it’s gradual. It takes much time before the complete immune system breaks down.

There is a general misconception about HIV and AIDS. In most of the cases, people use these terms interchangeably, but they are different from each other. HIV leads to AIDS.

AIDS is an acronym which stands for “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.” If an HIV infection is left untreated for long, most likely it leads to a state of lack of immunity against infectious diseases. The result is a gradual weakening of general health, suffering, and death. The emerging trend is that it’s believed now that HIV may be a very strong reason for CANCER.

The main cause for HIV leading to AIDS is lack of proper ascertaining system. Sometimes the victim is not aware of an infection till the serious symptoms set in. In other cases, it’s the false negatives in the test results. So, it’s of utmost importance that the HIV testing is done properly, with reliable agencies.

I don’t mean to say that free STD testing is bad, but they don’t come at par with “Private STD testing.”  Everybody’s business is nobody’s business.

So, when it comes to matters of serious health concerns, it’s your turn to be decisive. Don’t take risks with your health and life.  Money is less important than health, suffering, and life. Test for STDs immediately and do all the testing at once when you go for the first time STD testing.

Facts about HIV Virus

A small and non-technical description of HIV virus.

HIV Virus diagram

It comes from the family of “Retroviridae” and  genus of “Lentivirus.” The significance of lentiviruses is that they are responsible for most of the chronic diseases. The incubation period for these viruses is very long and they cause very long duration diseases.

It’s spherical in shape measuring 120 nm in dia. The HIV virus is quite smaller than a normal “Red blood corpuscles” but larger than other viruses.

It comes with a single-stranded enveloped RNA in the genome of the virus particle. After entering into the host cell, it changes to a double-stranded DNA. The process makes it easy for the virus to flawlessly integrate into the host nucleus.

HIV 1 Virus:

After integration with the host cell, the HIV 1 does not go into incubation. It goes into a process of replication.

The method it uses is called “Transcription” in terms of genetics. This is a method of gene expression or gene change where a part of  DNA is copied into RNA by an enzyme of RNA. So, in case of HIV 1, new RNA genomes, viral proteins from the cell now become virus particles. The replication cycle starts this way.

HIV 1 is considered the most infectious and is the major killer.

HIV 2 Virus:

It is less infectious and lacks much of the killer punch of HIV 1. The reason for this is it goes into a long incubation period in the host nuclei after changing over to the double-stranded DNA and integrating with the host cell. Our immune system is not capable of detecting the presence of the HIV Virus after that. It is very poor in transmission so slow to spread.

Causes of HIV transmission

  • Unprotected sex with an infected person, vaginal, anal, oral or whatever
  • Sharing needles, syringes, other surgical instruments with an infected person
  • Tattooing, body piercing with unsafe, unsterilized puncture instruments
  • Blood transfusion with infected blood
  • Infected organ or bone marrow transplant
  • Infected mother to child during conception and delivery

HIV cannot possibly be transmitted through:

  • By casual Hugging, handshakes, and Kissing
  • Sneezing and Coughing as the virus does not travel by air
  • From Spit or tear of an infected person
  • Sharing crockery, Cutlery, and Bed Linen
  • By sharing Toilets or Showers
  • Mosquitos’ bites

HIV statistics

  1. These statistics are ever changing and in a worsening trend. In the US, the worst affected are the gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) by CDC. gov.
  2. In 2008, there were 26,700 new cases of HIV infection among MSM, but in 2012 it has increased to 29,800. It’s a significant increase, about 12%.
  3. In the US, MSM represents about 4% of the total population, but they account for a staggering 78% of new HIV infections among men.
  4. 1 in every 5 infected with HIV is not aware of the infection.
  5. Every 9.5 minutes someone is getting infected with HIV.
  6. Among all ethnic groups, African Americans are the worst hit of all HIV cases in the U.S.
  7. As per Aids.gov heterosexual and injection drug users accounted for estimated 27% of new HIV infections in 2009.

 

 

 

Gonorrhea is very similar to Chlamydia in its pathogenesis and symptoms. Both these STDs are caused by bacteria, so they are similar to other sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacterial infections.

Main characteristics of Chlamydia symptoms is the absence of any bothering or painful complaints during initial infection. Gonorrhea shares very similar characteristics with Chlamydia, it causes no bothering symptoms during Prodome, especially in women.

The incubation period for Neisseria gonorrhoeae,  the bacteria responsible for this STI, is not very standard. It has different time durations for different people even different in men and women. So, you would always find conflicting and confusing data on the incubation period of a gonorrhea incubation period.

There’s another reason which adds to this confusion- the absence of painful symptoms of this bacteria.

Symptoms are perceived changes in health which are mostly considered an aberration, never an advantage. The key is the perceived aspect, so it’s very subjective. Subjective things are changeable even in the same individual. That’s the reason why the incubation period of micro-organisms is always baffling.

OK, back to the incubation period of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Some project it as 2 to 5 days, some as 7 to 21 days. There are cases where the first symptoms don’t appear even before 30 days. After all who is sure of the exact date of the infection? 🙂

In some extreme cases, symptoms only show up after the disease develops tertiary stage, i.e. after it spreads to other parts of the body. In other words, it’s called the constitutional stage of Gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea Symptoms in Women

The primary symptoms are very general, so they can be confused with normal fungal or yeast infection. A normal bladder or vaginal infection can manifest similar symptoms, a Gonorrheal infection is not conclusive. Only a NAAT Test or Urine Gonorrhea test can confirm it. Following are the symptoms which immediately follow after the incubation period:

  • Frequent urination with burning and smarting pains in lower abdomen particularly in the region of bladder and ovary.
  • Fever or a rise in body temperature a couple of degrees above normal body temperature
  • Lassitude and general tiredness.
  • Genital itching.
  • Itching and burning in anus
  • Bleeding or discharge from anus
  • Transparent, white, and creamy vaginal discharge which is very offensive odor
  • Vaginal bleeding during or after sex, and, between periods.
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Swollen and painful Bartholin glands (at the opening of the vagina).
  • Dryness in vagina in some cases
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • A sore throat and hoarseness.
  • Redness of eye just as acute conjunctivitis.

Gonorrhea Symptoms in Men

In men Gonorrhea symptoms are more marked than in women, at least they are more obvious to seek a Gonorrhea test. There are rare cases too where men don’t develop clear-cut symptoms. This asymptomatic state is very contagious and most men pass the Gonorrhea infection to their sexual partners and spouses.

The following symptoms are seen in males who are infected:

  • Discharge of a milky white pus-like fluid from the penis at first. Then slowly it turns yellow. Sometimes it may be creamy or blood-tinged.
  • Frequent desire to urinate with scanty urination. Burning, smarting and painful urination, urethritis, and itching in the urethra.
  • Itching in the anus. There’s  bleeding or a transparent discharge in some cases.
  • Soreness and hoarseness in the throat.
  • Feverish with weakness and a desire to lie down.
  • Pain in the testes can be found in some rare cases.
  • Redness of eye just as acute conjunctivitis.

 

Complications of  Gonorrhea

If the subject isn’t able to understand that there is an infection, the symptoms grow mild after a few weeks. There may be occasional discharges- blood from the vagina in case of women and creamy white pus from the urethra in case of the male. In some cases, the symptoms are suppressed and the disease becomes constitutional. It’s called “Disseminated gonococcal infection” or DGI.

 

Constitutional Gonorrhea  symptoms

  • Stiff and painful joints even in young people which resembles arthritis.
  • Skin rash like scabies with gradual thickening of the skin.
  • Gradual weakening of heart with palpitation, sometimes missing beats.
  • Blood affection is a normal process where the RBC and WBC counts drop.
  • The tendons are inflamed and they become painful and non-functional.

Constitutional Gonorrhea or disseminated gonococcal infection opens the doors for other STIs especially AIDS.

 

What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is the second most common STD in the human race only next to Chlamydia.  It’s the result of the infection by bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

The spread of this sexually transmitted disease is enormous. In US alone there are 700,000 fresh cases every year as per the official report. The actual cases are most likely to be quite more than that as many STD cases go unreported. The estimation of the cases of Gonorrhea as per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirms this trend.

Gonorrhea is caused by a direct or intimate sexual contact with an infected person. That’s why it’s also called a venereal disease or VD. The word “venereal” comes from the Latin word “Veneris” which refers to the Greek God of love. Since 1990, the general term “VD” is replaced with more meaningful terms such as STD or STI to describe infections caused as a direct result of sexual contact.

The name of this disease comes from one of its most visible symptoms; a semi-transparent white discharge from the urethra, mostly painless. The specific term “Gonorrhea” is a refinement of Latin word “Gonorrhoea” where “Gonos” means seed or semen, and “Rhoe” means flow or discharge.

Infections by bacteria generally cause localized infections and the bacteria reside locally in the body fluids. Bacteria are organisms with one cell. They are microscopic and hardly a few microns in size. A single bacterium consists of DNA, cytoplasm, cell membrane, cell wall, and capsule. It has the structures needed for independent metabolism and reproduction (they are asexual).

 

How can you catch Gonorrhea?

When somebody is infected with Gonorrhea, the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria is available in the mucous of the sex organs. He/she transmits the bacteria to the sex partner during intimate sexual contact when the mucous or mucous membranes come in contact with one another. So, the bacteria can potentially infect during vaginal, oral, and anal sex. Unprotected sex is an invitation to such killer infections.

In cases of oral sex, the bacteria in the genital/saliva of the infected person can transmit to that of the non-infected person. In such cases, the bacteria infect the oral cavity and causes “oral Gonorrhea” or “Gonorrhea of mouth.” It affects the mouth, soft palate, tongue, and throat. Every year there are many such cases of gonorrhea oral infections reported.

Any sexually active person can get infected. Infections are very high among teenagers and young adults between the ages of 15 and 30. They are impulsive and indulge in frequent sex but without sufficient protection. People who had been treated for gonorrhea in the past have very little immunity against the bacteria.

Gonorrhea can infect an infant during vaginal birth if the mother is infected. It infects the eyes, mouth and the general health of a child. At times, if not treated properly this infection can be fatal. Many cases of infant mortalities can be attributed to this infection alone. If this STI is allowed to remain without treatment, it can cause bone and organ deformation, blindness, meningitis, encephalitis, and even death.

Gonorrhea symptoms can indicate the presence of the bacteria but can’t confirm it. A NAAT test is the only way to confirm a possible infection. It’s curable as any other bacterial infection, but the treatment has to be timely. In adults, gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics.  It could be oral pills or through an injection. To decide the course of your treatment first gets a gonorrhea urine test done. After confirmation of an infection consult an authorized medical practitioner to get a prescription.

 

Prevention of Gonorrhea

Abstinence can be the only absolute method of preventing gonorrhea but it’s not possible. 🙂   A monogamous relationship is more prudent to reduce your risk of an infection.  Use condoms when you have sex with a partner of unknown sexual history. You and your partner should make it a habit to get tested for the STDs if you are at increased risk.

 

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Test

When people go for either a Chlamydia test or a Gonorrhea test, they always go for a combined “Chlamydia and Gonorrhea test.”

The main reason for that is that both the tests are quite similar. Additionally, Chlamydia symptoms are very similar to Gonorrhea symptoms, so it’s only wise to test for both infections together to ascertain the exact type of infection.

This test is called the Nucleic Acid Amplification Test or NAAT. Both Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are caused by bacteria. When somebody is infected with these bacteria, there’s supposed to be the presence of the bacteria in the urine sample.

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Test Window Period is generally 3 to 7 days. It means 3 to 7 days after the infection period the detection of the individual bacteria can be done positively. In most of the cases people come for a test much after that, but if you’re not among them then it’s better that you wait for at least 7 to 10 days.

The NAAT test carries out an amplification of the DNA of the bacteria and detects it in case there’s a trace of the infection-causing bacteria. In case of Chlamydia, it’s Chlamydia trachomatis and in Gonorrhea, it’s the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria.

It’s the most accurate test available as on date for both of these bacteria, so it’s called the “Gold Standard” for both of these tests. The accuracy is 99.99% in both cases. It’s widely used in both doctors’ offices and hospitals, across the country.

The NAAT test is also referred as urine Chlamydia test or urine gonorrhea test because the test sample is primarily urine. In case of women, an additional swab of the vagina is collected for additional safety. Taking a Chlamydia test or a Gonorrhea test is no longer painful or embarrassing. The collection of the sample takes hardly any time. As there’s no needle penetration, there’s no pain.

For a Nucleic Acid Amplification Test, no blood sample is collected. Let’s be very clear about that. Many people avoid these tests for the sake of fear of a needle penetration.

Now, there are 2 ways you can submit a sample. You can either visit a nearby test lab or you can opt for a home STD testing kit.

In the first case, you can a visit one of the 4000+ labs which is close to your home. It may at most take 15 to 20 minutes drive to reach the lab but you can submit the sample on the same day. The tests are completely anonymous so no one knows why you are there.

In the second case, you receive a sample collection kit at your home by post. All the instructions for sample collection are enclosed inside the kit, so there are no hassles. Now, in your convenience, you can collect the samples and re-seal the kit as directed and post it at the post office. Never drop these sample boxes into the mailboxes.

 

Recommendations: Chlamydia and gonorrhea test

  • Always opt for a Chlamydia and Gonorrhea test together. They are more reliable and cheaper when carried out together.
  • Refrain from urinating an hour before submitting your sample. The first urine of the day at the morning is considered the best.
  • Prefer a lab test to a test kit; the former is fast and the best.
  • Never worry about the privacy of the tests. They’re 100% private.
  • It’s recommended once every year for all sexually active adults.

 

 

==> Click Here For The Tests <==

 

 

Chlamydia is considered the silent killer STD. In most of the cases, it doesn’t manifest any symptoms at all.

Individuals infected with this, generally find it hard to notice the infection. On an average, about 75% of infected women and about 50% of infected men show no symptoms. That’s the reason why it spreads so rapidly.

In other cases, it manifests mild to strong discomfort of the genitalia and rectum. The timing of the manifestation is generally between the first to third week from the date of infection. The main seat of manifestation of  Chlamydia is the genito-urinary system.

Chlamydia symptoms in women

In women, the symptoms are more marked than that in men.

The symptoms come only after a gestation period of  7 to 21 days. In extreme cases, there may be mild fever, hardly a couple of degrees more than the normal body temperature, with an acute sensation of nausea. Though the list isn’t exhaustive, Chlamydia symptoms in women may manifest some or all of the following.

  • Transparent or mucopurulent vaginal discharge
  • Pain or a burning sensation in urethra during urination
  • Intermittent bleeding between menstrual cycles
  • Occasional bleeding after sex
  • Smarting pains as from a splinter during sex
  • Low abdominal pain at either side at the region of ovary, and at center at the region of the bladder
  • Nausea associated with bleeding from vagina and pain in the whole region of abdomen.

Undetected and untreated Chlamydia cases in women may result in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID.

The bacteria attack the cell membranes and leak out the cell protoplasm. This results in inflammation and a clear or micro-purulent discharge. The bacteria use the mucosal cells and cause chronic scarring and permanent deformation to the female reproductive organs. The ovaries are deformed and fallopian tubes get distorted and blocked. The result is permanent infertility.

In some cases, this may be the cause of cystitis inside and outside of the uterus and vagina.

Chlamydia symptoms in men

Chlamydia manifests fewer and less painful symptoms in men than women. Men who had been diagnosed with Chlamydia infections report the following symptoms.

  • Discharge from urethra
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Burning and smarting sensation during ejaculation
  • Swelling of one or both testes
  • Pain in testes and Vas Deferens

Untreated and overlooked cases in men lead to infection of the urethra, Vas Deferens, Cowper’s glands, and prostate. The bacteria are capable of causing indurations and scarring in all these glands which lead to deformations in the epithelial layers. The testes are rendered non-functional and the sperm carrying tubes of the Vas Deferens get blocked or disconnected due to tissue growth inside the tube. The final result is incurable infertility in male.

The urethral discharge, burning, and painful swelling of testes and Vas, however, remain a permanent feature. These symptoms may not be present all the times but will manifest quite regularly depending upon the state of general health.

Solution:

Is Chlamydia curable?

Yes.

The only solution to an infection of Chlamydia Trachomatis is a timely detection of the infection and timely treatment.  When there’s a chance of infection, one must undergo a Chlamydia test as quickly as possible. The treatment is simple as in case of other bacterial infections. A regular course of antibiotics under the prescription of an authorized medical practitioner is enough to get rid of this STD. Time is the only hope in such cases.

 

==> Get tested for Chlamydia today <==

 

Note:

The symptoms of Chlamydia as described in this article are illustrative, not conclusive. These indications or alterations in normal state of health can hint at the presence of the STD in the patient but can’t confirm it. For a confirmation, however, one has to undergo a Chlamydia test under approved medical procedures.

 

What is Chlamydia?

 

Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease or STD. It is caused by a bacteria named Chlamydia trachomatis which only infects humans. It falls under family- Chlamydiaceae, genus Chlamydia and species of trachomatis. A Chlamydia infection can come from any bacteria of the Chlamydiaceae family. As per the specific nature of the bacterium the symptoms may have minor variations.

Facts about Chlamydia

Chlamydia is very common in the human race. It’s  the most widespread STD in USA, UK, and most European countries. It’s  even more widespread in the developing and under-developed countries and is a major reason for high infant mortality and infertility in both men and women. In the USA alone 1,307,893 cases were reported in 2010. The CDC received the report of these cases from 50 states and the District of Columbia. This is certainly not the actual figure of real infections as most of the cases go unreported for multiple reasons.

It is estimated that 2.8 million Chlamydia infections occur in the U.S per year. Women are considered the hardest hit sex because they are very prone to any STI, especially bacteria based STDs. Even after a cure, they get easily re-infected if their partner is not treated along with them. So, it’s imperative that in case of a Chlamydia infection, both the spouses are treated together.

In the UK, however, the number of cases is far less but it’s still the most commonly diagnosed STI. As an example, in 2004, there were 104,733 new Chlamydia cases which rose to 109,958 new diagnoses in 2005. The National Health Service, UK claims that those who are sexually active among women under the age of 25 have a 10% chance of becoming infected with Chlamydia. Recurring Cases of Chlamydia infection are very common among women aged 14-19. The age range for a male who falls under the infection risk is between 20 – 30 years.

A Chlamydia infection primarily affects two distinct areas in humans; the genito-urinary system and the eyes. In cases of gay-sex where anal sex is frequent, chlamydia of the anus can be seen. In such cases, there can be anal itching and a transparent discharge from the anus.

Chlamydia of the anus can be present in women also. If a woman indulges in anal intercourse with a man infected with chlamydia, there’s a chance of her getting infected with it. However, in common cases, Chlamydia in women manifests as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID.

chlamydia trachomatis infection in the eye

Trachoma due to chlamydia

However, this infection is mainly treated as STD. Both men and women develop different sets of symptoms as they inherit different sexual systems.

Chlamydia symptoms are very mild and very difficult to notice. To ascertain an infection one has to undergo a Chlamydia test.

 

Chlamydia trachomatis

This bacterium is an intracellular parasite. After it enters the host cell, it thrives and then replicates. It attacks the cervix first and causes mucopurulent endocervicitis in female sexual organs. In case of a male, it attacks the urethra and causes mucopurulent urethritis. There is a pus-like discharge from the urethra which can be transparent, translucent, white, bloody white or muddy white. However, in most of the cases, the STI is asymptotic and does not manifest any perceptible or painful symptoms.

In eyes, it causes conjunctivitis and trachoma. Either Chlamydia trachomatis or certain subtypes of this bacterium cause these eye infections. It can also affect the eyes of a newborn infant if the mother is infected with Chlamydia. The symptoms resemble a mucopurulent bloody discharge and redness and swelling in the eyes. It is capable of partial to complete blindness and death in case of infants.

Trachoma generally starts as mild to intense itching and irritation to both the eye and eyelids. There can be associated symptoms such as redness and photophobia or blurred vision. When the condition of the eye deteriorates, there can be transparent mucous-like discharge or white or yellow pus-like discharge.

Life cycle of chlamidia trachomatis bacteria

Chlamydia Trachomatis life cycle

Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria propagates with its elementary body(EB). It is the low infective stage of the bacteria. The EB gets attached to the human cell and then penetrates the cell membrane. Then the trachomatis EB uses the RNA and cell protein to form its own reticulate body(RB) with its own micromolecule of DNA, RNA, and protein. After some gestation period(during which the bacteria reorganizes from RB to EB), approximately 40 to 50 hours, it produces Lysis of the cells and breaks open the cell membrane and discharges the EBs. Then the EBs get attached to the cell receptors of healthy cells and the process repeats.

Chlamydia is curable. It’s treated with antibiotics. First, you must ascertain its infection by STD testing.

 

What is STD?

STD is the acronym for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Another acronym, VD is popularly used for the same diseases, which stands for “Venereal Diseases.”

It can only be acquired from somebody who is having it. The virus can neither travel by air like smallpox or chickenpox virus, nor by water like cholera bacterium.

What is STD

It does not matter if you are straight or gay, and married or single. It also does not matter whether you engage in oral, anal or vaginal sex. You’re very vulnerable to STDs if you regularly have sex with partners of unknown sexual health.

Anyone can contact these diseases through intimate sexual contact with somebody who is already infected with STD. However, this is not the only way to get infected; there are some other ways also.

There are certain misconceptions about this. Let’s see it a bit minutely.

Can somebody contact this disease if he/she has multiple sexual partners?

  • No, if none of these partners are infected.
  • Yes, if any one of these partners is infected. Not only that, he/she will infect the other partners he/she is having sex with.

Now, let’s see it from the other point of view. Can somebody contact this disease if s/he has only one sexual partner?

If that ‘Only’ partner is already infected,  he/she will most probably be infected.

I said “Probably” because, it is seen that, certain people don’t contact VD even if they have sex with an infected spouse. But, such cases are extremely rare. Don’t count on that.

Other causes of  ‘Sexually Transmitted Infection’

Following are some of the ways one may contact STD/develop STD symptoms.

The STD virus can infect if it comes in contact with your open wounds, blood or mucous membranes. The virus comes from the host’s blood, tissue or mucous etc.

  • Sharing injection needles or surgical instruments without proper sterilization
  • Kissing
  • If the serum from the sores of an infected person comes in contact with your saliva or open tissue
  • Infected blood transfusion
  • Infected organ transplant

So, what is the takeaway?

STDs are not communicable through the mere skin to skin contacts, such as hand-sakes and touches. They are not contagious diseases. They propagate only through intimate sexual contact with an infected sexual partner. The virus can also infect you if it comes in contact with your open wounds, blood, saliva or mucous membrane.

List of STDs: What are the types of STDs?

Though the diseases caused by intimate sexual contact can go up to as many as 25, the following are most common STDs. However, this is not the exhaustible list.

Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. Though Chlamydia symptoms are generally mild or absent, it can cause serious complications and irreversible damage.  Before we can understand that we are infected, it is capable of rendering both men and women infertile.

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrheoae. This affects both men and women and generally infects the cervix, urethra, rectum, anus, and throat. It is one of the most common STDs and an estimated 62 million cases of gonorrhea occur each year.

Hepatitis is usually caused by a virus. The three most common hepatitis viruses are hepatitis A(HAV), hepatitis B(HBV), or hepatitis C(HCV). Two other types of hepatitis virus, D, and E are rare in the United States.

Herpes is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus or HSV. It has two clones: HSV1 and HSV2 and they cause cold sores and genital herpes respectively.

HIV and AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The infection gradually destroys the immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections.

Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. There are three stages of syphilis during which symptoms appear and have many clinical appearances.  It produces a painless ulcer/sore on the body part that’s come into contact with an infected person. The sores then slowly start oozing a clear liquid, which contains syphilis bacteria.

It’s difficult to give a complete list of STDs. Though the common clones are numbered to as many as 25, yet nobody can ascertain that that’s the complete list. There may be more. With time the bacteria and viruses can change or adapt to the medication and a complete new type of disease may come to light.

STDs are curable if detected early. To prevent the damages caused by this hidden killers undergo an STD test today. If you want to keep it a secret, order a home STD Test kit from FDA approved reliable agency or get a Lab test   near your home or in your locality.  Don’t get scammed.