Chlamydia is considered the silent killer STD. In most of the cases, it doesn’t manifest any symptoms at all.
Individuals infected with this, generally find it hard to notice the infection. On an average, about 75% of infected women and about 50% of infected men show no symptoms. That’s the reason why it spreads so rapidly.
In other cases, it manifests mild to strong discomfort of the genitalia and rectum. The timing of the manifestation is generally between the first to third week from the date of infection. The main seat of manifestation of Chlamydia is the genito-urinary system.
Chlamydia symptoms in women
In women, the symptoms are more marked than that in men.
The symptoms come only after a gestation period of 7 to 21 days. In extreme cases, there may be mild fever, hardly a couple of degrees more than the normal body temperature, with an acute sensation of nausea. Though the list isn’t exhaustive, Chlamydia symptoms in women may manifest some or all of the following.
- Transparent or mucopurulent vaginal discharge
- Pain or a burning sensation in urethra during urination
- Intermittent bleeding between menstrual cycles
- Occasional bleeding after sex
- Smarting pains as from a splinter during sex
- Low abdominal pain at either side at the region of ovary, and at center at the region of the bladder
- Nausea associated with bleeding from vagina and pain in the whole region of abdomen.
Undetected and untreated Chlamydia cases in women may result in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID.
The bacteria attack the cell membranes and leak out the cell protoplasm. This results in inflammation and a clear or micro-purulent discharge. The bacteria use the mucosal cells and cause chronic scarring and permanent deformation to the female reproductive organs. The ovaries are deformed and fallopian tubes get distorted and blocked. The result is permanent infertility.
In some cases, this may be the cause of cystitis inside and outside of the uterus and vagina.
Chlamydia symptoms in men
Chlamydia manifests fewer and less painful symptoms in men than women. Men who had been diagnosed with Chlamydia infections report the following symptoms.
- Discharge from urethra
- Burning sensation during urination
- Burning and smarting sensation during ejaculation
- Swelling of one or both testes
- Pain in testes and Vas Deferens
Untreated and overlooked cases in men lead to infection of the urethra, Vas Deferens, Cowper’s glands, and prostate. The bacteria are capable of causing indurations and scarring in all these glands which lead to deformations in the epithelial layers. The testes are rendered non-functional and the sperm carrying tubes of the Vas Deferens get blocked or disconnected due to tissue growth inside the tube. The final result is incurable infertility in male.
The urethral discharge, burning, and painful swelling of testes and Vas, however, remain a permanent feature. These symptoms may not be present all the times but will manifest quite regularly depending upon the state of general health.
Is Chlamydia curable?
The only solution to an infection of Chlamydia Trachomatis is a timely detection of the infection and timely treatment. When there’s a chance of infection, one must undergo a Chlamydia test as quickly as possible. The treatment is simple as in case of other bacterial infections. A regular course of antibiotics under the prescription of an authorized medical practitioner is enough to get rid of this STD. Time is the only hope in such cases.
The symptoms of Chlamydia as described in this article are illustrative, not conclusive. These indications or alterations in normal state of health can hint at the presence of the STD in the patient but can’t confirm it. For a confirmation, however, one has to undergo a Chlamydia test under approved medical procedures.