More than 50% of cases of infertility comes from PID alone. It’s a nightmare for a woman to know, but it’s true. The name “Pelvic Inflammatory Disease” refers to pelvis and inflammation, but it can hardly indicate the range of destruction it can cause to the reproductive system of a woman. Once the tissue is affected, the condition is more or less permanent unless corrected by surgery, but the chances are low for a full recovery. No woman wants to lose her capacity to motherhood, so it’s better to know how to prevent this condition.
What is PID?
PID is the inflammation of the female reproductive system, especially uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. The common seat of inflammation is either the ovaries or the fallopian tubes. A common condition called Salpingitis is a result of this inflammation when fallopian tubes are affected. Either tube is narrowed or totally blocked. Pelvic inflammatory disease can come from any STD or from bacterial vaginitis. BV results in the ascension of microorganisms from the cervix and vagina to the upper genital tract. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are the two probable STDs to cause this state.
It’s easier to prevent than to get a cure. This condition primarily comes from bacterial infections and causes induration or a fibroid condition of ovaries too. The primary inflammation causes scarring if the condition is not treated in time. This is a permanent damage to the reproductive system is irreversible. It can only be treated successfully by surgery in some cases.
The uterus is also not free from this scarring. There are other organs and tissues which get affected by this scarring. The inexplicable pelvic pain that women experience, comes from the process of scarring during a PID onslaught. During the primary inflammation state, it’s treatable with antibiotics and treatments same as used to treat other bacterial infections. Acute ruptures in the fallopian tube due to ectopic pregnancy can only be with surgery.
Causes of PID
PID can come from a wide array of microorganisms, so it’s considered a polymicrobial infection. Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are very similar in their manifestation and very similar in nature. Both are caused by bacteria and both are capable of causing PID.
Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis have been identified to be present in women with PID infections almost half of the times. Other anaerobic organisms which cause bacterial vaginosis in women have also been found in women with PID. Latest developments in medicine indicate that Mycoplasm genitalium may also be responsible for milder cases of PID. All in all, this is a complication mainly caused by bacteria responsible for infection of the vaginal tract.
Frequent vaginal douching can disturb the vaginal flora because it disturbs the normal chemical and microbial balance of the vagina. It also increases the chances of PID.
Women use douching to clean their vagina from time to time. The techniques used are different in different women. A wide variety of techniques are used with different cleaning agents and liquids. Use of plain cold water is common. Some use lukewarm water for better comfort and better cleaning. Some women may use diluted vinegar or various antiseptics. It may involve a non-pressurized rinsing to a high-pressure jet. It is always risky, but women do it anyway when they want to get rid of the foul odor. If the odor is due to a BV, they increase the chances of PID.
What are the Symptoms of PID?
- Pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Excess and foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- Painful urination
- Painful sex
- Lower back pain
- Fever and other general signs of infection with exhaustion
Risk factors for PID
Sexually active teenagers are more prone to this than women ranging between 25- to 29 years of age. The probable cause for this seems that the reproductive tracts of young teens are fully developed to deal with pathogens and bacteria.
African-American women seem to be in the high-risk category of PID. This may be due to their ethnicity or biological factors. They use regular douching which may be a possible cause for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
The relationship between PID and infertility is established beyond doubt, but there may be “Nay-Sayers,” as there are always a few, but it’s ultimately your life. Women generally want a baby at mature age except for the ones with the “teen-mom” desire. What if they discover their infertility at too old an age? Pelvic Inflammatory Disease takes hold of the female reproductive system at a younger age when they least expect it. The last word, prevent it! That’s the easiest way to do it. If you have the slightest reason to believe that you might have contacted Chlamydia or Gonorrhea, get an STD Testing.
Note: Even if everything seems normal an extra STD test doesn’t hurt. Considering the risk factors and the future expenses the amount you spend on testing is nothing.