What Is Anal Herpes?

Anal herpes causes sores and blisters around the anus. After the blisters break out, scabs form on them. Some blisters form ulcerations after they discharge the fluid.

There are other infections too that can cause lesions around the anus. Chancroid and Syphilis are capable of such infections. The symptoms for each one of them differ, but all of them manifest lesions around the anus.

All of them including “Anal Herpes” come from sexual contact with an infected person.

Anal herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-II), the same virus that causes Genital Herpes.

anal herpes

What is Anal Herpes

Symptoms of anal herpes

Pain and itching around the anus
Flu-like symptoms including mild fever preceding eruptions
Appearance of red bumps or blisters containing transparent fluids around anus
Scabs form after blister rupture or bleed
Ulcers develop at the place of original blisters

Diagnosis of Anal Herpes

The manifestation of symptoms of Anal Herpes varies in different individuals. The main difference is in severity. In average cases, where there is eruption around the anus, a physical examination by a physician can ensure an infection. If there is a history of anal sex in such a case, it’s anal herpes.

As several different sexually transmitted infections can cause anal eruptions, it’s difficult to ascertain that it’s HSV type 2. So, to ensure the course of treatment the precise cause of infection is to be ascertained. That needs a blood test.

In such a case, the blood sample is to be tested for possible Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and few other STDs. For anal symptoms, there can be more than one STIs. So, some doctors will conduct additional tests to verify that the symptoms are not the result of another type of infection.

After there is a positive result your doctor can discuss treatment options.

Transmission of Anal Herpes

Herpes Simplex Virus type II is responsible for Anal Herpes. It’s the same virus that causes Genital Herpes. However, everyone with genital herpes has not anal herpes.

Anal herpes is contagious; as contagious as Genital herpes. It is passed from an infected person to another through sexual contact. Once infected, the person is capable of infecting others through sexual contact even when the virus isn’t causing any symptoms.

As per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 30 million Americans have HSV-II. Each year, an additional 776,000 Americans are diagnosed with a new case of the STI. These are modest numbers, the actual numbers are likely to be much more.

In the United States, one in four people has genital herpes.

Treatment of Anal Herpes

Once infected, the virus stays with the host for life. There is no possible cure for this virus so far.

The treatment concentrates on managing the painful symptoms during manifestations. The treatment ensures that the duration and intensity of the symptoms are considerably reduced so that the virus becomes manageable. Then it focuses on reducing the frequencies of relapses. When the virus is not active, passing the infection to a sexual partner is considerably reduced.

The therapy is primarily antiviral.

Once there is a positive diagnosis the antiviral medication starts. The pills reduce the intensity of the symptoms till the attack lasts. After the symptoms are gone, one has to still remain under medication for some time to subdue the virus. That reduces the chances of recurring outbreaks.

It’s a suppressive therapy, but that’s all is available as on date. If the outbreak of Anal Herpes is very severe, the treatment may include intravenous antiviral therapy. Here the medicine is injected into the bloodstream. This works faster.

If the antiviral treatment is taken immediately after an infection, the symptoms are not very painful. The blisters also disappear faster and the duration of the outbreak is considerably reduced. However, if neglected, the outbreak is very painful and takes quite some time to disappear completely.

Reduce Your Risk

As there is no cure for Anal herpes, it’s only wise to prevent an infection. One can lower the risk of an infection by practicing safe sex.

Following are few suggestions to keep you safe.

Wear a condom during every sexual encounter, whether vaginal, anal or oral sex.
Reduce your number of sexual partners. Don’t indulge with partners with unknown sexual status. If possible, practice monogamy.
Be in a relationship and be monogamous.
Get regular STI screenings. Regular std testing keeps you and your family safe.

What is Syphilis?

 

what is syphilis

what is syphilis

Very few people know that Syphilis can be more destructive than HIV.

It is no ordinary STD. It can be called the mother of all STDs. Though Gonorrhea  can contest for the position, yet I consider syphilis to be the root of all STDs, because it spares no area or organ in the human body.

This may sound very unscientific to many because every STD has its unique bacteria or virus, but there are other factors which makes these STDs are very similar. These micro-organisms not only replicate in human body but also create a susceptibility for future infections. The first infection of a STD renders the individual very susceptible to other venereal diseases. So, other than the susceptibility it causes, following are the causes for such a consideration.

The first reason for such a consideration is that  Syphilis is very very old. Throughout the history of the human race, you can find the references to the presence of syphilis. Some of the cases of leprosy or lepra were actually Syphilis in its tertiary stage but misdiagnosed.

However, the primary reason for such a consideration is that syphilis is very destructive. The extent to which syphilis can destroy human body is unimaginable for a common man. It can affect soft tissues, bones, teeth, skin, and vital organs like brain, eyes, liver, and almost any organ. It can completely destroy, deform, and disfigure the man body over time. It can destroy a human being physically as well as mentally. The symptoms of all other STDs can be found in a vast array of symptoms of syphilis.

The third reason is syphilis is caused by bacteria. The bacteria are primitive hence older than the evolution of viruses. The primitiveness of this disease confirms it is too old. The diseases caused by the virus are complicated and sophisticated, hence latest in origin. On the other hand, diseases caused by bacteria are comparatively simple and primitive. Probably, this simple STD has evolved with time to give rise to complicated viruses such as HIV and HSV.

Syphilis bacteria

Syphilis bacteria morphology

The cause of infection of this STD is a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. This bacteria is a spirochete. This s spiral shaped. This shape helps it to be highly mobile.

It can attack the human cells from both the sides of his long body. It has a head like structures at both ends.  Next to that is the insertion point that helps in attacking the cell membrane and penetrate it. The “axial filaments” help it in locomotion. It has bulbous growths at the outer side which is called the “balloon body.” The inner side of the coil is called the “intestinal mesosome” and the outside is call the “laminated mesosome.” The laminated mesosome is for its own protection from outside attacks on it. This is, though primitive, a well-developed bacterium.

How syphilis attacks us

The most common way of syphilis infection is intimate sexual contact, either natural or unnatural. This includes vaginal, oral or anal sex. It can also be passed to a person through prolonged physical contact with an infected person. Prolonged kissing with an infected person is no exception.

Other possible causes of contacting syphilis are sharing infected needles or infected sex toys with an infected person. Infected blood transfusions can be a direct cause of infections too.

However, that’s not the only one. An infected mother invariably passes it to her child. Such children are born with the disease. This is called congenital or neonatal  Syphilis. If the state of the mother is very advanced, say she has advanced to tertiary Syphilis state, then the child may be stillborn or if alive, can come with severe health problems. Such children have a very short lifespan and may die shortly after labor.

Syphilis is a highly contagious disease, but it needs direct contact. It can never propagate from a donor to a victim t survive for long without a host, it cannot propagate by sharing toilets, bathtubs, clothing, and utensils.

How common is it?

The number of reported cases of syphilis has risen substantially in the U.S.A in the past decade. There has been a regular increase in the number of cases, but they are considerably less in comparison to a number of cases of HIV. Men who have sex with men are very prone to this infection.

It is seen that people with this infection have some common complications. They are very prone to HIV, at least three to five times more in comparison to people who are clean. The cause for this is that the genital sores/chancres caused by syphilis can further crack and bleed during an intercourse. This open wound makes it easier for the HIV virus  to enter the blood easily during any sort of sexual activity.

If somebody contacts both HIV and syphilis, it can be really serious, because syphilis can progress much more rapidly under such conditions.

Preventing syphilis

The surest way to beat a syphilis infection is to say “NO” to form of sexual contact. Otherwise one can choose to have sexual contact with a partner who is clean and remains faithful thereafter.

One can minimize the risk of contracting any other sexually transmitted diseases by sticking to the following time-tested practices:

  • Use a male/female condom during sex
  • Use a dental dam, generally a square of plastic, during kissing or oral sex
  • Avoid sex toys or needles used by others

Best way to get rid of this killer STD is to detect it early by STD testing, and then go for appropriate treatment. Otherwise, it hides itself so you don’t feel the need to pay attention. It uses this time to attack and destroy those areas of the body first that it can access easily. It’s like a dangerous enemy who keeps bugging your home when you look elsewhere. When it reaches the “secondary stage,” it manifests again with some acute symptoms, but by then it becomes difficult to annihilate.

It keeps your attention away by imitating other diseases and for most of the time, it keeps you confused. What makes it the deadliest of all STDs is that it makes permanent changes to your body and your major organs; even your brain is not spared. It doesn’t stop till its victim lies dead.

Syphilis is neither difficult to diagnose nor cure. You can a get a  Home Syphilis Test Kit and get a diagnosis in about as quickly as 15 to 20 minutes. After a conclusive diagnosis, you can consult a doctor to start your treatment.  You have to get early antibiotic treatment.

 

What is STD?

STD is the acronym for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Another acronym, VD is popularly used for the same diseases, which stands for “Venereal Diseases.”

It can only be acquired from somebody who is having it. The virus can neither travel by air like smallpox or chickenpox virus, nor by water like cholera bacterium.

What is STD

It does not matter if you are straight or gay, and married or single. It also does not matter whether you engage in oral, anal or vaginal sex. You’re very vulnerable to STDs if you regularly have sex with partners of unknown sexual health.

Anyone can contact these diseases through intimate sexual contact with somebody who is already infected with STD. However, this is not the only way to get infected; there are some other ways also.

There are certain misconceptions about this. Let’s see it a bit minutely.

Can somebody contact this disease if he/she has multiple sexual partners?

  • No, if none of these partners are infected.
  • Yes, if any one of these partners is infected. Not only that, he/she will infect the other partners he/she is having sex with.

Now, let’s see it from the other point of view. Can somebody contact this disease if s/he has only one sexual partner?

If that ‘Only’ partner is already infected,  he/she will most probably be infected.

I said “Probably” because, it is seen that, certain people don’t contact VD even if they have sex with an infected spouse. But, such cases are extremely rare. Don’t count on that.

Other causes of  ‘Sexually Transmitted Infection’

Following are some of the ways one may contact STD/develop STD symptoms.

The STD virus can infect if it comes in contact with your open wounds, blood or mucous membranes. The virus comes from the host’s blood, tissue or mucous etc.

  • Sharing injection needles or surgical instruments without proper sterilization
  • Kissing
  • If the serum from the sores of an infected person comes in contact with your saliva or open tissue
  • Infected blood transfusion
  • Infected organ transplant

So, what is the takeaway?

STDs are not communicable through the mere skin to skin contacts, such as hand-sakes and touches. They are not contagious diseases. They propagate only through intimate sexual contact with an infected sexual partner. The virus can also infect you if it comes in contact with your open wounds, blood, saliva or mucous membrane.

List of STDs: What are the types of STDs?

Though the diseases caused by intimate sexual contact can go up to as many as 25, the following are most common STDs. However, this is not the exhaustible list.

Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. Though Chlamydia symptoms are generally mild or absent, it can cause serious complications and irreversible damage.  Before we can understand that we are infected, it is capable of rendering both men and women infertile.

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrheoae. This affects both men and women and generally infects the cervix, urethra, rectum, anus, and throat. It is one of the most common STDs and an estimated 62 million cases of gonorrhea occur each year.

Hepatitis is usually caused by a virus. The three most common hepatitis viruses are hepatitis A(HAV), hepatitis B(HBV), or hepatitis C(HCV). Two other types of hepatitis virus, D, and E are rare in the United States.

Herpes is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus or HSV. It has two clones: HSV1 and HSV2 and they cause cold sores and genital herpes respectively.

HIV and AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The infection gradually destroys the immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections.

Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. There are three stages of syphilis during which symptoms appear and have many clinical appearances.  It produces a painless ulcer/sore on the body part that’s come into contact with an infected person. The sores then slowly start oozing a clear liquid, which contains syphilis bacteria.

It’s difficult to give a complete list of STDs. Though the common clones are numbered to as many as 25, yet nobody can ascertain that that’s the complete list. There may be more. With time the bacteria and viruses can change or adapt to the medication and a complete new type of disease may come to light.

STDs are curable if detected early. To prevent the damages caused by this hidden killers undergo an STD test today. If you want to keep it a secret, order a home STD Test kit from FDA approved reliable agency or get a Lab test   near your home or in your locality.  Don’t get scammed.