What is STD?

STD is the acronym for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Another acronym, VD is popularly used for the same diseases, which stands for “Venereal Diseases.”

It can only be acquired from somebody who is having it. The virus can neither travel by air like smallpox or chickenpox virus, nor by water like cholera bacterium.

What is STD

It does not matter if you are straight or gay, and married or single. It also does not matter whether you engage in oral, anal or vaginal sex. You’re very vulnerable to STDs if you regularly have sex with partners of unknown sexual health.

Anyone can contact these diseases through intimate sexual contact with somebody who is already infected with STD. However, this is not the only way to get infected; there are some other ways also.

There are certain misconceptions about this. Let’s see it a bit minutely.

Can somebody contact this disease if he/she has multiple sexual partners?

  • No, if none of these partners are infected.
  • Yes, if any one of these partners is infected. Not only that, he/she will infect the other partners he/she is having sex with.

Now, let’s see it from the other point of view. Can somebody contact this disease if s/he has only one sexual partner?

If that ‘Only’ partner is already infected,  he/she will most probably be infected.

I said “Probably” because, it is seen that, certain people don’t contact VD even if they have sex with an infected spouse. But, such cases are extremely rare. Don’t count on that.

Other causes of  ‘Sexually Transmitted Infection’

Following are some of the ways one may contact STD/develop STD symptoms.

The STD virus can infect if it comes in contact with your open wounds, blood or mucous membranes. The virus comes from the host’s blood, tissue or mucous etc.

  • Sharing injection needles or surgical instruments without proper sterilization
  • Kissing
  • If the serum from the sores of an infected person comes in contact with your saliva or open tissue
  • Infected blood transfusion
  • Infected organ transplant

So, what is the takeaway?

STDs are not communicable through the mere skin to skin contacts, such as hand-sakes and touches. They are not contagious diseases. They propagate only through intimate sexual contact with an infected sexual partner. The virus can also infect you if it comes in contact with your open wounds, blood, saliva or mucous membrane.

List of STDs: What are the types of STDs?

Though the diseases caused by intimate sexual contact can go up to as many as 25, the following are most common STDs. However, this is not the exhaustible list.

Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. Though Chlamydia symptoms are generally mild or absent, it can cause serious complications and irreversible damage.  Before we can understand that we are infected, it is capable of rendering both men and women infertile.

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrheoae. This affects both men and women and generally infects the cervix, urethra, rectum, anus, and throat. It is one of the most common STDs and an estimated 62 million cases of gonorrhea occur each year.

Hepatitis is usually caused by a virus. The three most common hepatitis viruses are hepatitis A(HAV), hepatitis B(HBV), or hepatitis C(HCV). Two other types of hepatitis virus, D, and E are rare in the United States.

Herpes is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus or HSV. It has two clones: HSV1 and HSV2 and they cause cold sores and genital herpes respectively.

HIV and AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The infection gradually destroys the immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections.

Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. There are three stages of syphilis during which symptoms appear and have many clinical appearances.  It produces a painless ulcer/sore on the body part that’s come into contact with an infected person. The sores then slowly start oozing a clear liquid, which contains syphilis bacteria.

It’s difficult to give a complete list of STDs. Though the common clones are numbered to as many as 25, yet nobody can ascertain that that’s the complete list. There may be more. With time the bacteria and viruses can change or adapt to the medication and a complete new type of disease may come to light.

STDs are curable if detected early. To prevent the damages caused by this hidden killers undergo an STD test today. If you want to keep it a secret, order a home STD Test kit from FDA approved reliable agency or get a Lab test   near your home or in your locality.  Don’t get scammed.